Organizing the information gathered in the Pre-Design phase and transforming this into a visual representation is a complex task. Consideration for rooms and spaces, massing and building scale, site orientation and views, construction methods and materials, we develop the relationship diagrams as a base for further design.
Beginning with simple schematic design oftentimes represented by no more than a series of simple sketches that allocate a space or zones in the building in relation to one another. These sketches will evolve until they present an organization that meets the client’s program and complements the site requirements.
These preliminary sketches evolve with more detail and complexity to form the basis of the floor plans, elevations and building sections; later as more design is resolved models are used to assist in translating the design concepts to 3D to assist clients in better understanding the proposed spaces and aesthetics.
The schematic design process identifies organizational options, massing and aesthetic solutions. The preferred options are presented to the client with an explanation of the pros and cons of each concept. Feedback is incorporated into design modifications which are further detailed for client discussion and review.
The design development process can involve multiple rounds of revisions relative to the size and complexity of the project. Ideally, each revision refines the floor plans, elevations and assemblies of the proposed building. Throughout the process of the design development, it is important to maintain consideration for efficiency and economy. Structure, infrastructure, onsite labour and waste are carefully factored into this stage, as a few simple adjustments to the size or shape of a design can translate to greater savings in time and money and help reduce the overall environmental impact of a project. The final approved preliminary design drawings include scaled floor plans denoting room names and sizes with furniture, plumbing fixtures, appliances, door and window sizes and locations as well as the location of any specialty features such as fireplaces, millwork or staircases. The elevations, also to scale, illustrate proposed building height and shape. The drawings can also denote cladding size and material, window and door shapes, sizes and operation, roofing material and special features or accents. In some instances, basic building sections (a theoretical cut through the length or width of a building) are provided to illustrate the interior volumes of a proposed building and the relationship between floors.